The situation in Afghanistan remains a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis, and we are calling on the Australian Government to act swiftly to protect Afghan refugees.
The Taliban takeover in Afghanistan on August 15, 2021 has thrown an already struggling country into complete devastation. The situation in Afghanistan remains a political, economic, and humanitarian crisis, that is worsening on the ground, with effects spreading worldwide. Displacement, hunger, human rights abuses, jeopardized healthcare, and a collapsing education system, is just part of the devastation being faced by the Afghan population.
The Harsh Reality
Over half the population are now reliant on humanitarian assistance to survive, and their eyes are looking to the international community to respond. Bearing the brunt of the crisis are vulnerable groups such as women, children, and minority groups. There are currently 2.6 million Afghan refugees worldwide, and 3.5 million internally displaced people, with numbers rapidly increasing. It is estimated that women and children represent 80% of the 550,000 people that have fled in recent months. Pre-existing to the Taliban takeover, over 10 million children were already in need of humanitarian assistance for survival. Since the takeover, the needs of these children have increased in number and in severity.
With winter months approaching, it is feared that these numbers will rapidly increase.
The World Food Programme estimates that it will need as much as $220m a month to avert a worsening crisis over the lean winter months.
A total of 22.8 million people now face acute food insecurity in Afghanistan, a country of 40 million people. The World Food Programme has reported that adults are starting to experience an increase in hunger-related illnesses due to skipping meals so their children can eat instead. Food prices in the country have risen on average, between 30-50%, over the past month, with staple items such as beans, flour, wheat, and oil, becoming unaffordable for families. This insecurity is exasperated by the severe drought affecting the country.
Not only are food prices rising, but the price of commodities such as gas has risen more than 63% over the past month. The inability to afford these basic items has widespread effects. For example, in order to afford food and basic necessities, families continually resort to sending children out to work, so they can earn enough money to survive. This is reducing the likelihood of education for many already vulnerable Afghan children. Currently, 4.2 million children are out of school, and 2.6 million of these are girls.
Access to education is already disproportionately affected for girls, and under Taliban rule, it is feared that it will become even harder for girls to receive an education. After only allowing boys to be educated since the Taliban takeover, girls have recently been allowed to return to primary schools, under strict conditions. Although there is talk of boys returning to secondary schools, there has been no progress made in allowing girls to return.
The healthcare system in Afghanistan has been running on international donor support for decades now. At current rates, the healthcare system has 4.6 medical personnel per every 10,000 people in Afghanistan. In normal circumstances, the inability for Afghan people to access healthcare is prevalent, let alone under the current circumstances.
After the Taliban takeover, all aid flowing into the country was frozen, meaning key donors such as the World Bank and the European Union have been unable to keep the healthcare systems running.
With the system being inundated as a result of COVID-19, and further by the effects of the Taliban takeover, the healthcare system is at risk of collapse. The system is completely understaffed, under resourced, and funding has been non-existent. Healthcare workers have not been paid since the Taliban takeover, yet majority still show up to work because the situation is so dire. The population is riddled with illness, mostly preventable, medical supplies are quickly running out, access to facilities has been hindered, and all these issues are compounded by the political, economic, and humanitarian crises that are unfolding.
Afghanistan’s economy is predicted to contract up to 30% by the end of the year, with the cost of the country’s refugee crisis to be disastrous for neighbouring host countries. According to the IMF, estimates show that the cost of hosting refugees in Iran will reach $300 million (0.03% of GDP) and in Pakistan, over $500 million (0.2% of GDP).
In September the UN held a 'flash appeal' which received pledges totalling $1 billion, but only a third of this has arrived in the country so far. The European Union had promised €1 billion ($1.15 billion) in October, yet €300 million of that had already been committed, and much of the remainder will go to neighbouring countries.
With the recent freezing of foreign aid and complications in aid commitments, Afghanistan’s aid-reliant economy is facing severe fiscal and balance-of-payment crises. This further threatens to reduce the livelihood of its population and threatens increases in poverty rates.
The G20 Countries, of which Australia is included, have agreed to address the humanitarian crisis in the country, even if aid efforts require cooperation with the Taliban.
G20 Leaders have asked that, in cooperation with the Taliban, Kabul Airport and the country’s borders remain open for United Nations officials and Non-Government Organisations to be able to distribute aid, as well as the guarantee of their safety. It is important to note that G20 leaders have clearly stated that cooperation with the Taliban does not mean recognising them as a Government. The United States has taken a stance that that the Taliban, under no circumstances, would be allowed access to central bank reserves, which are located in US territory.
It can be seen that efforts by the international community to safely and effectively restart the flow of economic and humanitarian assistance back into Afghanistan are beginning. So far in 2021, 8 million Afghan people have received humanitarian aid through the United Nations. In the past month alone, 80,000 people have received food, and 12.5 metric tones of medical supplies have been delivered. This is a good start, but the needs of the Afghan population still greatly outweigh the efforts being made by the international community. There is a call for Governments to increase economic support for Afghanistan, and help shoulder the humanitarian burden through increasing refugee intakes and providing the resources for basic needs on the ground. The people of Afghanistan are relying on us to do so.
After the fall of Kabul to the Taliban, Australian forces managed to evacuate 4,100 people out of country, including Australian visa holders and those bound for other countries. Yet, a number of Australians remain in Afghanistan, at risk of further violence. The Australian Human Rights Commission has expressed deep concern over the humanitarian crisis that continues to unfold in the country and has been working closely with the Home Affairs Minister, the Hon Karen Andrews MP, and the Minister for Immigration, the Hon Alex Hawke MP.
So far, the Australian Government has allocated 3,000 places for Afghan nationals within the refugee resettlement program, and has stated that this is a floor, not ceiling figure, giving hope for the possibility of a larger intake.
In comparison, the United Kingdom and Canada have committed to resettling 20,000 Afghan refugees, which the Commission believes is equally as achievable for Australia. Australia's refugee resettlement program allows for 13,750 places annually, which was cut from 18,750 places in 2019. This was a direct result of budget cuts to humanitarian aid in 2020/21. When recently being challenged on this cut, particularly in relation to the impact it has had on Afghan refugee intake, PM Scott Morrison responded by saying:
If there are more that we can take this year, we will take them.
Complimenting this, Alex Hawke MP just the other week announced that he has committed an additional $27.1 million to improve the settlement of current evacuees into their lives in Australia. This indicates that the Australian Government is strongly considering efforts to increase our humanitarian response in Afghanistan.
Micah Australia's Response
At Micah, we are grateful to the Australian Government for their response to the needs of those in Afghanistan. But we strongly believe in the ability and capacity to do more as a nation. With the launch of the Christians United for Afghanistan campaign, we have come together as the Australian Church in a significant show of unity, to support Afghan Refugees. We are specifically calling on our Government to:
1. Welcome refugees from Afghanistan by increasing the number of our refugee intake to 20,000 places. As well as this, to continue the flow of additional resources to Home Affairs immigration and settlement services.
2. Protect people from Afghanistan in Australia by granting permanent protection to all those already on temporary protection visas or currently awaiting application outcomes.
3. Reunite refugee families by making immediate arrangements to bring the families of refugees from Afghanistan to Australia.
4. Support through humanitarian aid by providing additional emergency and long-term support through reputable NGOs and organisations working in the region.
These campaign asks are being delivered in solidarity through the Micah coalition. In recent weeks, 50 Church pastors and leaders from the Mitchell Electorate in Sydney gathered to pray and discuss ways to advocate for Afghan refugees in Australia. This same group co-signed a letter to Alex Hawke MP appealing for the Government to increase humanitarian efforts in Afghanistan, specifically stating the CUFA campaign asks. Five letters to top decision makers have now been sent out in total. The letters are directed to Liberal MPs Prime Minister Scott Morrison; Deputy Prime Minister Barnaby Joyce; Treasurer Josh Frydenberg; Karen Andrews, Minister for Home Affairs; and Peter Dutton, Minister for Defence. In addition to this, Micah team members and key stakeholders are meeting privately on a regular basis to discuss strategy and to ensure Afghan refugees being effectively advocated for in Australia.
We hold firmly to the hope that Australia will respond to our asks accordingly and we will continue in our best efforts to ensure so.
You can sign the call here. And if you are interested, you can also sign on behalf of your Church so that we can provide you with the tools you need to engage with your local MP.